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A prostatectomy is a surgery to remove the prostate gland. The prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system. It makes and stores the milky fluid that forms part of semen. The gland sits below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The urethra (the tube that flows urine out of the body) runs through the protate gland.

The procedure may be:

  • Simple prostatectomy—removal of part of prostate
  • Radical prostatectomy—removal of entire prostate and some surrounding tissue

Anatomy of the Prostate
Anatomy of the Prostate Gland
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