Dysphagia refers to difficulties during the swallowing process. Esophageal dysphagia occurs when swallowing problems happen in the esophagus. The esophagus is the tube that transports food from the throat to the stomach
Esophagus and Stomach
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A number of conditions can cause esophageal dysphagia, such as:
- Achalasia —affects the muscles at the bottom of the esophagus
- Scleroderma —causes thickening and stiffening of tissues, joints, and organs; can lead to problems with the esophageal muscles
- Esophageal stricture or esophageal ring—causes the esophagus to become more narrow
- Esophageal tumors
- Infectious esophagitis
- Caustic esophagitis
- Foreign bodies
- Eosinophilic esophagitis
Last reviewedMay 2014by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.