The cerebellum is located in the lower part of the brain, towards the back. This part of the brain plays a role in body movement, eye movement, and balance.

A cerebellar stroke occurs when the brain’s blood supply to this area is interrupted. Without blood, the brain tissue quickly dies. This results in the loss of certain functions.

Cerebellum
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There are two main types of stroke ischemic and hemorrhagic. An ischemic stroke is the most common type of stroke.

An ischemic stroke is caused by a blockage of the blood flow, which may be due to:

  • A clot from another part of the body like the heart or neck. The clot breaks off and flows through the blood until it becomes trapped in a blood vessel supplying the brain.
  • A clot that forms in an artery that supplies blood to the brain.
  • A tear in an artery supplying blood to the brain. This is called an arterial dissection.

A hemorrhagic stroke is caused by a burst blood vessel. Blood spills out of the broken blood vessel and pools in the brain. This interrupts the flow of blood and causes a build up of pressure on the brain.