This type of traumatic injury occurs when an object penetrates the skull and damages the brain. One part of the brain may be damaged. Damage can also occur to a larger area of the brain.

This is a serious, life-threatening injury. It requires emergency medical care.

The Brain
Brain nerve pathways
When a penetrating brain injury occurs, damage to the brain may occur in one area or a larger region.
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Penetrating brain injuries may be caused by any object or external force, such as:

  • Fall, which could cause a piece of the skull to break off and penetrate the brain
  • Motor vehicle accident
  • Gunshot wound to the head
  • Stab wound to the head
  • Sports-related injury
  • Abuse (being struck on the head with an object)