AIDS dementia complex (ADC) can occur in people with AIDS. ADC results in changes in multiple neurologic areas:

  • Cognition—the ability to understand, process, and remember information
  • Behavior—difficulty performing daily tasks
  • Emotions—may have personality changes and depression
  • Motor coordination—the ability to coordinate muscles and movement

ADC is a common nervous system complication of late-stage HIV infection.

Immune System
Immune system white blood cell
HIV destroys white blood cells vital to the immune system.
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

It is not clearly understood how HIV infection causes ADC.