Neuroblastoma is a rare, cancer that usually occurs in children under age five. The tumor is often found during infancy and may begin before birth. It typically develops in nerve tissue near the adrenal glands just above the kidneys. However, some tumors may develop in the abdomen, chest, neck, or spinal cord.

Like most cancers, neuroblastoma can eventually spread to other parts of the body. Early detection and treatment may prevent the spread of cancer.

Adrenal Glands
Nucleus factsheet image
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

It is not known exactly why the tumor develops. A genetic mutation may be involved.