Migraine is a type of recurring headache that involves blood vessels, nerves, and brain chemicals. Sensations called auras may come before a migraine. Auras can include visual changes or numbness and tingling. There are two types of migraines:

  • Migraine occurring with an aura (formerly called “classic”)
  • Migraine occurring without an aura (formerly called “common”)

Migraine
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 Migraine headaches can affect a child’s performance in school, relationships with friends and family, and other factors in a child’s life.

The precise reason that a child is susceptible to migraines is unknown. Factors that may play a role include:

  • Genetics and environmental triggers
  • Changes in a nerve that serves as a major pain pathway
  • Imbalance in brain chemicals, like serotonin

Factors that can trigger a migraine include:

  • Physical exertion or too little physical activity
  • Too much sleep or too little sleep
  • Missing a meal
  • Motion sickness from traveling
  • Tiredness
  • Overuse of pain medicines
  • Being overweight
  • Smoking
  • Certain foods such as chocolate, citrus fruits, dairy, processed meats, or fried foods
  • Certain environmental triggers such as flashing lights, odors, loud noises, or weather changes