Premature Rupture of Membranes
Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is the breaking of the amniotic sac before labor begins. The sac contains amniotic fluid and the developing baby. With PROM, the amniotic fluid inside the sac leaks or gushes out of the vagina. This is also known as your water breaking.
Fetus with Amniotic Sac
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
PROM occurs during the third trimester after 37 weeks of gestation. A related condition called preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) occurs before 37 weeks of gestation.
PROM increases the risks of certain pregnancy complications, including:
- Infection in baby
- Uterine infection
- Placental abruption —placenta separates from the uterus before the baby is delivered
- Prolapsed umbilical cord —umbilical cord is squeezed between the baby and the pelvis
Call your doctor right away if you suspect that your water has broken.
Last reviewedOctober 2012by Andrea Chisholm
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.