Pronounced: Mee-dee-ah-stine-OS-scoh-peeEn Español (Spanish Version)
The mediastinum is the area in the middle of the chest between the lungs. A mediastinoscopy is a procedure to look at this area inside the chest. A tube with a light (mediastinoscope) is placed into the upper chest through a small opening (mediastinotomy). The light allows the doctor to see the area.
The Lungs (Cut-away View)
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This is done to examine the lungs and chest. The doctor might take tissue samples ( biopsy). These samples are viewed under a microscope to check for diseases like:
- Cancer of the lungs, bronchi, and chest tissue
- Lymphoma—cancer in the lymphatic system (eg, Hodgkin’s disease)
- Sarcoidosis —a condition that causes swelling (inflammation) in organs like the lungs, liver, lymph nodes, and spleen
Mediastinoscopy is also done to find out if lung cancer has spread.
Last reviewedJune 2013by Marcin Chwistek, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.