Skull and Facial Fracture
Skull and facial fractures are broken bones of the head and face.
There are two major types of skull fractures:
- Open skull fracture—part of the scalp is torn
- Closed skull fracture—the scalp is intact
Facial fractures can occur in any of the face’s bones. This includes:
- Maxillary fracture—upper jaw area
- Le Fort fracture—fracture of the upper jaw area and other facial structure, like nasal and oral cavities and orbits (classified I-V depending on the specific bones involved)
- Mandible fracture—lower jaw fracture
- Zygomatic fracture—cheekbone fracture
These fractures are potentially life-threatening conditions. They require immediate medical treatment.
Fractures in the Zygomatic Arch and Orbit
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Skull and/or facial fractures are caused by injuries. Most commonly from:
- Car accident
- Sports injury
- Domestic violence, child or elder abuse
- Blunt trauma
Last reviewedNovember 2012by Igor Puzanov, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.