Image for magnesium Magnesium is an essential mineral that has a hand in many vital body functions, for example releasing energy, regulating body temperature, building protein, and stabilizing bone. It is also one of several nutrients that helps keep blood pressure within a healthy range. And since magnesium is plentiful in vegetables, legumes, and whole grains, it is easy to consume enough if you are eating healthy food.

Magnesium's functions include:

  • Activating more than 300 enzymes (Enzymes are chemicals that regulate a variety of body functions, including making body proteins and causing muscle contractions.)
  • Aiding in the metabolism of fat and carbohydrate to produce energy
  • Binding with ATP to form "active ATP," which provides energy for almost all metabolic reactions and processes
  • Ensuring proper nerve and muscle function and keeping heart rhythm steady
  • Helping synthesize nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) and proteins, which are the building blocks of body tissue
  • Giving structure to cell membranes
  • Helping keep bones healthy
  • Decreasing the risk of tooth decay by binding calcium to tooth enamel