Surgical Procedures for Endometriosis
Surgical intervention is the most aggressive treatment for endometriosis. Surgery may be recommended if you:
- Do not respond to other treatment
- Are older and feel you need to become pregnant more quickly
- Have severe physical changes due to the disease
The two main surgical procedures used are:
Laparoscopy is a non-evasive procedure that is done through small incisions in the abdomen. A very small camera and surgical instruments are inserted through these small openings. This camera projects a picture of the inside of the abdomen onto a video screen. It lets the surgeon see any endometrial tissue that may be on the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, lining of the pelvis, and other structures. Surgical instruments are inserted through other small cuts and are used to cut away or burn off endometrial growths and to divide scar tissue.
Generally considered the option of last resort, a hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus. The ovaries and fallopian tubes may be removed at the same time, which is called a bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. During the procedure, endometrial growths on other organs are also removed.
This is generally considered the most effective treatment for severe endometriosis. The ovaries play a critical role in the hormonal stimulation of endometriosis. The ovaries are usually involved in the actual disease. Because of this hysterectomy without removal of the ovaries often fails to be an effective treatment option.
After you have this surgery, you cannot become pregnant and will have all of the side effects of menopause if your ovaries are removed.
Last reviewedSeptember 2013by Andrea Chisholm, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.