Anthrax is an infectious disease caused by a bacteria. It can occur in humans when they have been exposed to contaminated animals or tissue from these animals.

Different types of anthrax infections can occur. These include:

  • Skin infection causing:
    • Skin ulcers
    • Fever
    • Fatigue
  • Gastrointestinal infection causing:
    • Fever
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Sore throat
    • Abdominal pain and swelling
    • Swollen lymph glands
  • Inhaled infection—this is the most serious form and can cause:
    • Sore throat
    • Fever
    • Muscle aches
    • Breathing problems
    • Shock
    • Brain inflammation

Anthrax is treated with antibiotics. All forms of anthrax can be fatal, especially if not treated.

The anthrax vaccine protects against anthrax. It does not contain cells that cause anthrax.

These people should get 5 doses of the vaccine in the muscle. The first dose should be given when there is risk of exposure. The other 4 doses should be given at 4 weeks and 6, 12, and 18 months after the first dose.