Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine: What Is Japanese Encephalitis?
Japanese encephalitis is a virus that is spread by mosquitoes. It can cause swelling of the brain. It also affects the central nervous system. Japanese encephalitis can cause severe complications, like long-term neurological disability and death.
People get Japanese encephalitis when they are bitten by a mosquito infected with the virus. Japanese encephalitis is a common cause of viral encephalitis in Asia. It can be prevented by vaccines.
Many people with the infection may have no symptoms. If symptoms develop, they can include:
- Neck stiffness
- Brain damage
- Convulsions, especially in infants
Symptoms of Japanese encephalitis usually appear 5-15 days after the bite from an infected mosquito.
There is no specific treatment for this condition. Care for people with the disease is aimed at easing symptoms.
Last reviewedDecember 2014by David L. Horn, MD, FACP
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.