This is a surgery to remove severely diseased and damaged lungs. They are replaced with healthy lungs from a deceased donor. One or both lungs may be transplanted. In some cases, a heart transplant is done at the same time. In that case, the procedure is called a heart-lung transplant.

A lung transplant is done to treat irreversible, life-threatening lung disease, such as:

Normal vs. Emphysemic Lung
Nucleus factsheet image
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

After you leave the hospital, call your doctor if any of the following occurs:

  • Signs of rejection including fever, chills, achiness like the flu, shortness of breath, decreased ability to exercise
  • Signs of infection including fever and chills
  • Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or any discharge from the incision site
  • Nausea and/or vomiting that you can't control with the medicines you were given after surgery or which persist for more than two days after you are discharged from the hospital
  • Pain that you can't control with the medicines you've been given
  • Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
  • Chest pain that is new or worse
  • Coughing up blood
  • Waking up at night due to being short of breath
  • Sudden headache or feeling faint
  • Changes in blood pressure or weight
  • Increase in phlegm production
  • Pain, burning, urgency, frequency of urination, or persistent bleeding in the urine

Call for medical help or go to the emergency room right away if any of the following occurs:

  • Fast breathing or trouble breathing
  • Blue or gray skin color
  • Chest pain that is new or worse

If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.