In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a process where sperm and an egg are joined together outside of the body to create an embryo. The embryo can then be inserted into a mother's uterus.

Fallopian Tube, Ovary, and Uterus
Fallopian Tube, Ovary, and Uterus
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IVF is done to help a woman become pregnant when there is difficulty becoming pregnant naturally.

It is most often done when infertility is due to:

  • Damaged fallopian tubes
  • Ovulation disorders
  • Cervical factors
  • Male factors, such as low sperm count or poor-quality sperm