A bone marrow biopsy is the removal of a sample of bone marrow for testing. The procedure is most often done on the pelvic bone. It may also be done on the sternum.

Bone Marrow Biopsy
Bone biopsy
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A bone marrow biopsy may be done to:

  • Evaluate a low red blood cell count ( anemia), low white blood cell count (leucopenia), or low platelet count (thrombocytopenia)
  • Diagnose and stage lymphoma or solid tumors
  • Diagnose, monitor, and evaluate leukemias
  • Evaluate iron level problems
  • Evaluate for causes of unexplained spleen enlargement—splenomegaly
  • Evaluate other blood disorders or diseases that may affect the bone marrow