Pronounced: Ee-sof-uh-gee-uhl Can-serEn Español (Spanish Version) More InDepth Information on This Condition
The esophagus is the tube that runs from the mouth to the stomach. Food passes down this tube to the stomach. Esophageal cancer is the growth of cancer cells in this tube.
Cancer occurs when cells in the body divide out of control. If cells keep dividing, a mass of tissue forms. These are called growths or tumors. If the tumor is malignant, it is cancer. They can invade nearby tissue and spread to other parts of the body.
There are two main types of esophageal cancer:
- Squamous cell cancer—from the cells that line the upper part of the esophagus
- Adenocarcinoma—from cells that where the esophagus meets the stomach
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
Last reviewedSeptember 2012by Mohei Abouzied, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.