Female sexual dysfunction refers to recurrent problems during any phase of the sexual response cycle (excitement, plateau, orgasm, resolution) that causes distress or negatively affects your relationship with your partner.

The following factors tend to be related:

Physical

Physical causes of female sexual dysfunction include:

Hormonal

During menopause in particular, estrogen levels decrease, which can cause changes to occur in your genital tissues and your sexual responsiveness. Intercourse may become painful (dyspareunia), and/or it may take longer for you to achieve an orgasm.

Psychological

Untreated emotional and psychological issues need to be addressed for treatment to be effective. Factors that affect sexual functioning may include:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Stress
  • Sexual abuse in the past
  • Self-perception during and after pregnancy
  • Conflict with your partner

Female Body
female body anatomy
Factors from different body systems may play a part in female sexual dysfunction.
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