This procedure involves the removal or destruction varicose veins that are just under the skin.

There are different methods to remove veins, such as:

  • Sclerotherapy—injects the varicose veins with a chemical to shrink the veins
  • Radiofrequency ablation—collapses and seals varicose veins using radiofrequency energy
  • Vein stripping
  • A surgical procedure called phlebectomy

Varicose Veins
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Veins have one-way valves to channel blood back to the heart. Varicose veins develop when the valves of the veins become damaged. This causes blood to pool in the veins, enlarging them and often making the veins just beneath the skin visible. The skin can also turn dark purple or brown because of increased pressure.

Treatment may be done for cosmetic and health reasons. In some cases, the areas of discolored skin may break down and form open sores, called stasis ulcers. Clots can also form in the pooled blood. When the valves are functioning poorly, your leg may burn, ache, or throb.

Treatment for this condition can involve either destroying or removing the damaged veins.