Botulinum Toxin Injections—Medical
Pronounced: baut-U-lie-num tock-sin in-jek-shunsEn Español (Spanish Version)
Botulinum toxin is made from a type of bacteria. It is toxic to the nerves. An injection puts this toxin into muscle. There, it blocks the chemical signal from the nerves to muscles. This will decrease the muscle contraction.
Botulinum toxin is used for cosmetic and medical reasons. The injection process is often called botox injection, although any brand of the botulinum toxin may be used.
The injection is FDA-approved to treat:
- Cervical dystonia—abnormal spasms of neck muscles
- Blepharospasm—spasm of eyelid muscles
- Strabismus —crossed eyes
- Hyperhydrosis —excessive sweating
The injection has also been used to treat other conditions, such as:
- Migraine headaches and tension headaches
- Achalasia —spasm of esophageal muscles causing difficulties in swallowing
- Spasmodic dysphonia
- Muscle spasms due to cerebral palsy
- Spasticity associated with multiple sclerosis
- Spasticity in leg and arm muscles due to brain injury/stroke
- Focal limb dystonias
- Incontinence due to bladder problems
- Anal sphincter disorders
- Peripheral nerve pain
- Temporomandibular disorder (jaw disorder)
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
Last reviewedSeptember 2013by Marcin Chwistek, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.