A cystocele is when part of the bladder wall bulges into the vagina. The bulge happens through a defect in the wall between the bladder and vagina.

Cystocele
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A rectocele is when part of the wall of the rectum bulges into the vagina. The bulge happens through a defect in the wall between the rectum and vagina.

Rectocele
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These form because of a problem with the fascia, ligaments, and muscles of the pelvis.

Cystocele and rectocele can cause problems going to the bathroom such as frequent urination, urine leakage, and difficulty urinating. Pain during sex may also occur. This surgery is done to help relieve these symptoms.

Most often, this type of surgery is not done until all other treatments have been tried. Other treatments may include muscle exercises and the insertion of a supportive device called a pessary. If you have tried these treatments and have had no relief, your doctor may suggest surgical repair.