Pronounced: ko-LEK-tuh-mee—oh-pen suhr-gur-REEEn Español (Spanish Version)
This is an operation to remove all or part of the colon. The colon, or large intestine, is the lower part of the intestines.
In a partial colectomy, only part of your colon is removed. In a total colectomy, your entire colon is removed.
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A colectomy may be performed to treat a variety of conditions, including the following:
- Colorectal cancer
- Inflammatory intestinal diseases (eg, colitis, Crohn’s disease)
- Intestinal blockage
- Trauma to the intestine
- Diverticular disease —small pouches form in the wall of the colon
- Precancerous polyps, especially those seen in familial polyposis
- A hole in the bowel wall, or dead piece of bowel
- Bleeding from the colon
Last reviewedOctober 2012by Marcin Chwistek, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.