Pronounced: PEAR-uh-TIE-tissEn Español (Spanish Version)
Parotitis is inflammation in one or both of the parotid glands. These are two large salivary glands that are inside each cheek over the jaw in front of each ear.
Parotitis can be:
- Acute—inflammation that resolves in a short period of time with or without treatment
- Chronic—includes persistent inflammation or alternating periods of flare-ups and remission
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An inflamed parotid gland has several causes. These vary depending on whether the condition is acute or chronic. The most common causes include:
- Bacterial infection
- Other viral infections
- Blockage of saliva flow
- Autoimmune diseases
Last reviewedJune 2014by Fabienne Daguilh, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.